Uterine fibroids are growths or benign masses that can form on the inside or outside of the uterus. Also known as fibroid tumors, or myomas, uterine fibroids can cause heavy menstrual bleeding, pain and pressure in the pelvis. While uterine fibroids do not always cause symptoms, they may lead to future complications and usually require treatment.
A common method used to treat uterine fibroids is a procedure called fibroid embolization. Fibroid embolization, is a minimally invasive procedure that blocks blood flow to uterine fibroids, shrinking or destroying the non-cancerous tumors that grow on the uterine walls.
Fibroid Embolization ProcedureFibroid embolization involves sedating the patient and using a catheter to inject tiny particles into the two arteries in the uterus. This blocks blood flow, killing the fibroid tissue, shrinking the tumors and relieving symptoms. Embolization can be an alternative to a hysterectomy in premenopausal women and is another option to having open surgery to remove the fibroids. The procedure may also be used to reduce bleeding caused by childbirth or malignant tumors. [info]
Considerations for Fibroid EmbolizationFibroid embolization is an effective treatment for uterine fibroids, however, it may be a better option for women who are not interested in getting pregnant in the future as the procedure may cause:
- Early menopause
Risks of Fibroid EmbolizationWhile fibroid embolization is considered a safe procedure, there are risks involved with any surgery which may include:
- Reaction to anesthesia